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Kezdőlap Association Outline Brief description of the area
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Brief description of the area PDF Print E-mail

Physical characteristics

The range of action of the Regional Developmental Association of Felso-homokhatsag is located within the Central-Hungary Region. The area consists of 13 municipalities: 10 villages, 1 township and 2 towns. The region counts 52,496 residents, 21,109 of which reside in the towns. Our region is defined by its close ties to the Capital (Budapest), even though, strictly speaking, it is not part of the Capital’s suburban agglomeration. Many of the municipalities were built around ancient settlements, and, by the middleages, the entire region was settled.  The region’s economy, traffic/transportation, hence its environment is defined largely by the North-South oriented through traffic motorways/highways (highways M5, 50, 405, M4).

The landscape is the mixture of arid, semi-desert steppes and sand barrens which are diversified by woods of different sizes and, in the low-lying areas, marshes and moorlands with their unique marsh flora and fauna. Our nature preserves are Ocsa Landscape Protection District, Dabas Marsh Landscape Protection Area with increased protection areas, Pusztavacs Landscape Protection Area, Csevharaszti Juniper barrens Landscape Protection Area, and Tatarszentgyorgy Juniper barrens, along with the adjoining parts of Kinskunsag National Park. We can find rare animal species (Great Bustard, Rakos Viper), plant species (Dianthus Diutinus, Dwarf Iris, Orchids), and plant groupings (sand-oak forests, juniper barrens, marsh meadows, marsh-forests), whose range, unfortunately, is more and more restricted. Land use patterns have shifted toward increasing residential and non-agricultural uses. This is caused by the spread of residential and economic activities and it results in decreasing biologically active areas. There aren’t environmentally hazardous activities in the region because industrial activities are generally concentrated in the vicinity of the municipalities. Except for the proximity of the highways, we can find a healthy residential and recreational environment that is free of industrial, air, or sound pollution.

Socioeconomic characteristics

In our range of action, the largest employers are the “mining, processing, electric and gas/steam/water distribution” sectors, but the “commercial and repair” sectors also pay and important role. This last sector provides the greatest number businesses. These are typically small and micro businesses, which were originally established out of necessity and have become more or less successful over time. The third largest employer in the region is the “administrative, protection/defense, social security, education, health care” sectors. The number of working age job seekers between 2003 and 2006 was stable at 3%; however, it increased by 1% in the last year. Momentarily, there is no business with employment capacity over 500 employees, and the ten largest businesses employ only 11% of the local work force. A great portion of these large businesses are located in industrial parks. People employed in agriculture, which the fourth largest employment sector, form two distinct groups: employees of agricultural businesses and the large number of independent farmers. We can see job opportunities in many traditional occupations, but part of the working age population need occupational reintegration to take advantage of them. In the coming years, we expect problems from the increasing number of working age employees, who will be forced out of agricultural jobs. This may also warrant occupational retraining programs. Adult occupational training is not significant in the region at the moment. Unemployment is significantly higher among the Roma population. Their employment marketability is marred partly by their low education level and partly by ethnic stereotyping and prejudice.

The reintegration of mothers into the work force is complicated by the lack of part time employment and child care facilities. People with disabilities have a hard time finding employment partly because their transportation is difficult, partly because even the available work places are not compliant with disabilities’ codes, and finally because home-work opportunities are non-existent.

 

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