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Településeink - Kakucs
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Kakucs is located east of Ócsa Nature Preserve, between Inárcs and Újhartyán near highway M5. It is intersected by the Duna Watershed Main Canal, which drains the area’s polders on the south-southeast side. The township’s 2180 hectares territory is covered with woods to bind the shifting sandy soil characteristic of the area. On the township’s west-southwest side, there are moister, better quality meadows and grassy tracts of land. There are many pleasant recreational areas in its outskirts, but the soils and climate also present favorable conditions for grain, vegetable, and fruit production.

 

Its area bordering Újhartyán is composed of a group of sandy hills with southeast orientation, and the polder lakes stretching among these hills provided favorable conditions for human settlement since ancient times. In the Bronze Age, Vatya settlements thrived here for 250-300 years, around 2000 years BC. The earliest written mention of the township was found in a land grant document in 1456AD, which defined it as a small settlement spelled Kakuch. It is conjectured from indirect information that a settlement by the name Kakucs flourished in this location during the 10th -13th centuries, but the Tatar invasion wiped it out. In the 15th century, it changed hands a few times until the Ottoman occupation, when it became depopulated again and was given to the town of Nagykőrös for pasture. In the later centuries, the village’s progress was connected to Gödöllő’s Grassalkovich family’s ownership, who organized their regional seat in the village in the 18th-19th centuries. The village developed into a more industrialized settlement under the ownership of József Liebner, who turned the Grassalkovich manor into a modern production plant by introducing intensive production methods, building a steam mill and an alcohol distillery, and focusing production on supplying the produce markets of Budapest. As a result of these economic changes, the population growth of the village accelerated around the turn of the 20th century.

 

This development created a strong farming population base, which was increased after the post-WW II land reform. The postwar era brought changes in the composition of the township. Inárcs, which was initially part of Kakucs, became an independent township in 1946, even though the two townships remained closely tied economically and legally. Later, the 1973 municipal integration initiative bound them into a partner-township unit, in which the more dynamically growing Inárcs gained dominant position. In the 1980s, the relationship within the townships’ mutual council became so hostile that by the end of the decade, they created a committee for the separation of the two townships, and finalized this intent in a 1989 referendum. As a result of independent economic situation, Kakucs’ infrastructural development increased. They completed the township’s heating gas, telephone, water, and sewer network.

Kakucs is a home of some cultural gems. The town honors the memory of the poet György Rónay, who had spent his childhood at the Liebner estate. The township also supports some local heritage groups such as the local folk choir and ROMA DROM, Roma heritage group.

Home page: www.kakucs.hu

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